Members of 1EC have significant experience in substantial fraud claims, typically involving complex issues of law relating to jurisdiction and choice of law; and the wide ancillary and preventative measures available from the High Court in London – principally freezing injunctions and asset disclosure orders; also, the equitable tracing of assets, constructive trusts and restitutionary remedies. Notable recent fraud claims involving 1EC include Winter v Hockley Mint Ltd [2019] 1 WLR 1617 on vicarious liability for fraud; and Kazakhstan Kagazy Plc v Arip & ors [2021] EWHC] 3462 (Comm), the leading case on tracing the proceeds of fraud through multiple jurisdictions.